There are four sections in TOEFL, namely, listening, reading, speaking and writing. There is no specific TOEFL 2016 Syllabus . As such, a candidate is not required to refer to any particular subject. The pattern of the test is such that aspirant is instead required to combine his/her skills in all the topics when appearing for the TOEFL test.

As per the TOEFL syllabus 2016, a candidate will have to perform tasks so that they can:

  • Read, listen and then speak in response to a question

  • Listen and then speak in response to a question

  • Read, listen and then write in response to a question

The break-up of the four sections in TOEFL Syllabus 2016 are given below:

  • Listening : According to the TOEFL 2016 Syllabus, this section involves listening to lectures, classroom discussions & conversations and answer questions. The candidate has to be alert and active in this part of the exam as they will be later asked questions from the sessions.

  • Reading: This section of the TOEFL Syllabus 2016 involves reading 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answering questions. Candidates can prepare for this part by practicing reading passages from books or papers. The passages in the test can be from anywhere. In this section, only reading ability of the candidate will be checked.

  • Speaking: As per the syllabus of TOEFL 2016, in this section, candidates will have to express an opinion on a familiar topic. He/she will have to speak based on the reading and listening tasks. The candidates understanding ability will be tested here. Basically, you have to explain what you have read.

  • Writing: In this section of the TOEFL Syllabus 2016, candidates will have to write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks. The candidate will also have to support an opinion in writing. The candidate should be informed in order to crack this section.

TOEFL takes a total of about four and a half hours to complete. Below is the test pattern of TOEFL:

Reading
  • 60–80 minutes

  • 36–56 questions

  • Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.

Listening
  • 60–90 minutes

  • 34–51 questions

  • Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, answer questions.

Speaking
  • 20 minutes

  • 6 tasks

  • Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.

Writing
  • 50 minutes

  • 2 tasks

  • Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.